Municipal Museums » Archaeology Museum » The Iberians
Title: Belt Clasps. In this display case evidence of Iberian daily life (weaving, cooking, jewellery), writing, and religion, in the period before the Roman occupation (i.e. between the 5th and 3rd centuries B.C.) is exhibited. Four belt clasps, one Tartessian and another decorated with embossed silver, stand out in particular.
Title: Sculpture of a Bull. The front section of an Iberian sculpture of a bull dated to around the 5th century B.C. is exhibited in the museum. This would have been erected above a tomb in the cemetery of Poble Nou to protect the deceased.
The Iberians. THE EARLY CEMETERIES
Title: Tomb 12 of Poble Nou. In this display case iron weapons, including spear heads and curved ("afalcatados") knives from 6th and 5th century B.C. burials excavated in the cemeteries of Poble Nou and Casetes, are displayed. Also exhibited is the tomb where the Poble Nou Orientalizing Necklace was found and in which various Greek, Phoenician and native Iberian objects were buried, which would have belonged to a local king or important person.
The Iberians. THE LATE IBERIAN TOMBS
Title: Baby Feeder. In this display case two important tombs of the late Iberian period; tomb Nš 64 from the cemetery of Poble Nou and tomb Nš 244 from Casetes (sector Creueta) are exhibited. The cremated bones of the deceased were accompanied by a large number of decorated Iberian pots, Roman cups, perfume bottles, amulets, small bronze bells, a baby feeder and also gaming counters.
The Iberians: DAILY LIFE
Title: Glass Paste Necklace. After the Punic Wars, from the 2nd century B.C., the Iberian peoples slowly adopted the customs of the conquering power, Rome. This display case contains objects of daily life such as a stylus to write on wax tablets, board games, amulets, different types of perfume bottles, jewels or coloured glass necklaces.
The Iberians: FINE TABLE WARE
Title: Elche-Archena Style Pottery. During the 2nd and 1st centuries B.C. fine table wares introduced by the Romans (such as the Black glazed wares or the delicate cups and beakers called "Thin Walled Ware") co-existed with other richly decorated styles of native Iberian pottery. In this area (the region of Contestania) the style Elche-Archena, with animal figures and religious and funerary symbols such as birds (which represented the Great Mother Goddess), was developed. The Museum of Villajoyosa has one of the most important collections of this beautiful style of decorated pottery.